You’ve probably heard of people referring to marijuana as either indica or sativa, but do you know what the terms actually mean? Contrary to popular opinion, sativa and indica are botany terms that describe the observable physical traits of a marijuana plant and not the effects they induce.
If you were to trace any strain of marijuana back to its original genetics, you’d end up with landrace strains, which are basically marijuana strains whose genetics stabilized and evolved in their natural environments in different parts of the world. Examples of such strains include Thailand’s Chocolate Thai, Mexico’s Acapulco Gold and South Africa’s Durban Poison.
Botanists utilized the terms ruderalis, sativa and indica to classify strains that exhibited different physical characteristics. For instance, Cannabis ruderalis was classified by D.E. Janischewsky, a Russian botanist in the early 1920s, while Cannabis sativa was coined by Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist who was studying European plants in the early 1750s. On the other hand, Cannabis indica was classified by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck who had been studying Indian strains in the mid-1780s.
While ruderalis plants have thick, big leaves and more CBD than do indica and sativa, indica has dense flowers and is usually bushy and wide while sativas are lanky and tall with skinny leaves. In the present day, indica describes strains that you can use to fall asleep, slow down or relax while sativas have been labeled as strains that offer you the mental high needed for focus and creativity.
In dispensaries, the term hybrid is meant to show you strains that possess effects of both sativa and indica. However, a hybrid actually means a strain bred from various strain varieties and one that has inherited favorable characteristics. This means that while products are still labelled as either hybrids, indicas or sativas, the truth is that every single marijuana product smoked today is a hybrid.
Insane OG, Green Thumb Farmz and Dr. Greenthumbs lead cultivator Kenji Fujishima explains this by pointing to Runtz, a popular strain, which is a cross of Gelatto#33 and Zkittlez; both of those are crosses of Thin Mint GSC x Sunset Sherbert and Grapefruit and Grape Ape respectively. Fujishima notes that all hybrids are simply hybrids from other hybrids, despite the marketing behind indica and sativa strains.
While these differences are well known to brands and growers, the sativa/indica dichotomy may be a bit harder for consumers to let go of, with a 2019 report by Weedmaps finding that brands that have tried to stop using the aforementioned terms have confused their customers, who prefer the simple classification that the sativa and indica provide.
Other companies such as Pac Roots Cannabis Corp. (CSE: PACR) (OTCQB: PACRF) (FSE: 4XM) have an extensive library of high-end genetics that they leverage to come up with premium products that are cementing their position in the market.
NOTE TO INVESTORS: The latest news and updates relating to Pac Roots Cannabis Corp. (CSE: PACR) (OTCQB: PACRF) (FSE: 4XM) are available in the company’s newsroom at http://cnw.fm/PACR
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